Qihou Zhou, Ph.D.

Portrait of Qihou Zhou

Professor and Chair

260 F Garland Hall

Research Interests

  • Radar remote sensing
  • Digital signal processing
  • Space science


  • Ph.D., Electrical Engineering
    Pennsylvania State University
  • M.S., Electrical Engineering
    Pennsylvania State University
  • M.A., Mathematics
    Pennsylvania State University
  • B.S., Applied Optics
    Harbin Institute of Technology, China


  • 2002 Present, Miami University, OH
    • 2013 present, Chair/Interim Chair, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department
    • 2009 present, Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department
    • 2006 2009, Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department 
    • 2004 2006, Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department
    • 2002 2004, Assistant Professor, Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering Department
  • 1991 2002, Cornell University—National Astronomy & Ionosphere Center, PR
    • 1997 2002, Senior Research Associate, Arecibo Observatory
    • 1991 1997, Research Associate, Arecibo Observatory
  • 1984 1991, Pennsylvania State University, PA
    • 1984 1986, 1988 1991 Research Assistant, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department 
    • 1986 1987, Teaching Assistant, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department

Selected Honors and Awards

  • Miami University Distinguished Scholar, Miami University (2018)
  • Excellence in Career Development Award, Miami University (2017)
  • Orwig Outstanding Research Award, School of Engineering and Applied Sci., Miami University, 2007
  • First place award winner in the 1990 Graduate Research Exhibition at the Pennsylvania State University, 1990

Selected External Grants

  • Zhou, Q., Incoherent Scatter Radar Study of the F1 Region Composition, Coupling, Dynamics and Energetics, NSF 2018-2021.
  • Zhou, Q., Collaborative Research: CEDAR Correlative Study of Metal Atoms and Ion Concentrations Using Simultaneous and Common Volume Multi-lidar and Radar Measurements at Arecibo, NSF, 2013-2016.
  • Zhou, Q., Interaction of Planetary-Scale Waves and the Ionosphere at Low Latitudes, NSF, March 2011.
  • Thomas, R., K. Hugenberg, E. Schussler, and Q. Zhou, MRI-R2: Acquisition of Dense Array EEG for Research and Training across the Disciplines, NSF, 2009.
  • Zhou, Q. and Y. T. Morton, Precise GPS Signal Tracking in Interference and Multipath Environment Using A Multi-Channel Software Receiver, AFOSR, March 2008.
  • Thomas, R., (PI), D. Bergen, M. Cronley, K. Hugenberg, K. Hutchinson, J. Kiper, E. Schussler, P. Wessels, and Q. Zhou,  Psychophysiology: A Window in the Mind, OBOR Research Incentive Program, 49,980, 2008.
  • Zhou, Q. and Y. T. Morton, An investigation on the vertical circulation and structure of metallic ions in the mid-latitude ionosphere, NSF proposal, July, 2006.
  • Zhou, Q., Collaborative Research: CEDAR: Daytime Potassium Doppler Lidar at Arecibo, NSF proposal, May, 2005.
  • Morton, Y. T., and Q. Zhou, “Integrated Reconfigurable Aperture, Digital Beam Forming, and Software GPS Receiver for UAV Navigation,” AFOSR Mathematical & Space Science Program, July, 2004.
  • Zhou, Q., and Y. T. J. Morton, “Dual-Beam incoherent scatter radar study of the mesosphere at Arecibo,” National Science Foundation, May, 2003.

Professional Society Memberships

  • IEEE
  • American Geophysical Union
  • International Union of Radio Science, Commission G & H
  • Served as a chair person or convener for various conferences including International Union of Radio Scientists (URSI), Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions (CEDAR), American Geophysical Union (AGU), and Chinese Space Weather Conference.
  • Served on two NSF proposal review committees.


  • National Science Foundation
  • Air Force Office of Scientific Research
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • Advances in Space Research
  • Annals Geophysicae
  • Computer Standards and Interfaces
  • Geophysical Research Letters
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
  • Journal of Atmosphere and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  • Journal of Atmosphere Chemistry and Physics
  • Journal of Geophysical Research -Atmosphere
  • Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics
  • Radio Science

Principal Publications

Journal Publications

A. Remote sensing, signal processikng and space/ionosphere physics (* indicates corresponding author)
  • Li, Y., Q. Zhou*, M. Scott, M. Milia, (2020) A study on meteor echoes using a probabilistic model at Jicamcarca, JGR, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2019JA027459.
  • Ma, Z., G. Yun, S. Zhang, Q. Zhou .... Study of a quasi-4 day oscillation during the 2018/2019 SSW over Mohe, Chine, JGR - Space Phys., 2020, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027687
  • Gong, Y., H. Wang, Z. Ma, S. Zhang, Q. Zhou C. Huang, and K. Huang. 2019. A statistical analysis of the propagating quasi 16-day waves at high latitudes and their response to sudden stratospheric warmings from 2005 to 2018, JGR-Atmosphere, DOI:10.1029/2019JD031482.
  • Gong, Y., Lv, X., Zhou*, Q., Ma, Q., Scott, M., & Zhang, S. (2019). Effect of temperature and vertical drift on helium ion concentration over Arecibo during solar maximum. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027144
  • Li, Y. and Q. Zhou*, (2019) Characteristics of micrometeors observed by the Arecibo 430 MHz incoherent scatter radar, Monthly Notices of Royal Astron. Soc., 486, 3517-3523. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1073.
  • Yue, X., J. S. Friedman, Q. Zhou, X. Wu, and J. Lautenbach, 2019, Long-term Lidar Observations of the Gravity Wave Activity near the Mesopause at Arecibo, Atom. Chem. Phys., 19, 3207-3221, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-3207-2019.
  • Gong, Y., Zheng Ma, Xiedong Lv, Shaodong Zhang, Qihou Zhou, Nestor Aponte, and Michael Sulzer (2018) A study on the quarterdiurnal tide in the thermosphere at Arecibo during the February 2016 sudden stratospheric warming event, GRL, 45, 13,142-13149, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080422.
  • Ma, Z., Y. Gong, S. Zhang, Q. Zhou, … (2018) Study of mean wind variations and gravity wave forcing via a meteor radar chain and comparison with HWM-07 results, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, DOI: 10.1029/2018JD028799.
  • Gong, Y., C. Li, S. Zhang, Q. Zhou … 2018, Study of the quasi-5-day wave in the MLT region by a meteor radar chain., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029355.
  • Ma, Z., Gong, Y., Zhang, S., Zhou, Q., Huang, C., Huang, K. … Li, C. (2017). Responses of quasi 2 day waves in the MLT region to the 2013 SSW revealed by a meteor radar chain. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 9142–9150. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074597.
  • Gong, Y., Z. Ma., Y. Li, Q. H. Zhou*, S. Zhang, C. Huang (2017). The effect of Doppler broadening on D region negative ion, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 5816-5824, doi:10.1002/2016JA023805.
  • Yue, X., J. S. Friedman, X. Wu, and Q. H. Zhou* (2017), Structure and Seasonal Variations of the nocturnal mesospheric K layer at Arecibo, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 7260–7275, doi:10.1002/2017JD026541.
  • Gong, Y., Q. Zhou, S. Zhang, A study on electric field mapping of the F-region to the E-region at Arecibo, (2016) J. Geophys. Res., 121, pp 713-718, DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022035.
  • Gong, Y., Q. Zhou, S. Zhang, N. Aponte, and M. Sulzer, An incoherent scatter radar study of the midnight temperature maximum that occurred at Arecibo during a sudden stratospheric warming event in January 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 121, June 2016, DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022439.
  • Yue, X., Q. Zhou*, F. Yi, J. Friedman, S. Raizada, and C. Tepley, Simultaneous and common-volume lidar observations of K/Na layers and temperature at Arecibo Observatory (18°N, 67°W), J. Geophys. Res., 121, DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024494, July 2016.
  • Huang, C., S. Zhang, Q. Zhou, F. Yi, K. Huang, Y. Gong, Y. Zhang, and Q. Gan, WHU VHF radar observations of the diurnal tide and its variability in the lower atmosphere over Chongyang (114.14ºE, 29.53ºN), China, Ann. Geophy., 33, 865-874, 2015.
  • Immel, T., G. Liu, S. England, L. Goncharenk, P. Erickson, M. Lyashenko, M. Milla, J. Chau, H. Frey, S. Mende, Q. Zhou, A. Stromme, L. Paxton, The August 2011 URSI World Day Campaign: Initial Results, J. Atmo. Solar-Terr. Phys., 134, 47-55, 2015.
  • Liu, X., J. Xu, S. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and W. Yuan (2015). Solar activity dependency of multiday oscillations in the nighttime thermospheric winds observed by Fabry-Perot interferometer. J. Geophys. Res., 120. 5871-5881. DOI. 10.1002/2015JA021375.
  • Raizada, S., C. A. Tepley, Q. Zhou, S. Sarkhel, J. D. Mathews, N. A. Aponte, I. Seker, R. Kerr and E. Cabassa, Influence of Sporadic-E on Mesospheric Na and Fe layers over Arecibo, J. Earth, Planets and Space, Earth Planets & Space, 67, DOI: 10.1186/s40623-015-0322-z, 2015.
  • Wu, L., Q. Zhou*, T. Chen, J. Liang, X. Wu, Application of Particle Swarm Optimization Method to Incoherent Scatter Radar Measurement of Ionosphere Parameters, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 8096-8110, DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020970, 2015.
  • Bösinger, B. T., A. G. Demekhov, E. N. Ermakova, C. Haldoupis, and Q. Zhou, Pulsating nighttime magnetic background noise in the upper ULF band at low latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., May 2014, DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019906, 2014.
  • Liu, X., J. Xu, S. Zhang, G. Jiang, Q. Zhou, W. Yuan, J. Noto, R. Kerr, Thermospheric planetary waves type oscillations observed by FPI over Xinglong and Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., Aug., DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020043, 2014.
  • Ermakova, E.N., D. S. Kotik, A. V.Ryabov,A. V.Pershin, T. B¨osinger, and Q. Zhou, Studying the variations of the broadband spectral maximum parameters in the natural ulf fields, Radio Physics and Quantum Electronics, Vol. 55, Nos. 10–11, March, 2013.
  • Gong, Y., Q. Zhou*, S. Zhang, N. Aponte, M. Sulzer, S. Gonzalez, The F-region and topside ionosphere response to a strong geomagnetic storm at Arecibo, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 5177–5183, doi:10.1002/jgra.50502, 2013.
  • Gong, Y., Q. Zhou*, S. Zhang, Atmospheric tides in the low latitude E- and F- region and their response to a sudden stratospheric warming event in January 2010, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 7913-7927 DOI: 10.1002/2013JA01924, 2013.
  • Yuan, W., X. Liu, J. Xu, Q. Zhou, G. Jiang, R. Ma, FPI observations of nighttime mesospheric and thermospheric winds in China and their comparisons with HWM07, Annals Geophysicae, 31, 1365-1378, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1365-2013, 2013.
  • Yue, X., Q. Zhou*, S. Raizada, C. Tepley, and J. Friedman, Relationship between mesospheric Na and Fe layers observed from simultaneous and common-volume lidar at Arecibo, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 905-916, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50148, 2013.
  • Delgado, R., J. S. Friedman, J. T. Fentzke, S. Raizada, C. A. Tepley, and Q. Zhou, Sporadic metal atom and ion layers and their connection to chemistry and thermal structure in the mesopause region at Arecibo, J. Atmo. Solar-Terr Phys., 74, 11-23, DOI:10.1016/j.jastp.2011.09.004, 2012.
  • England, S., G. Liu, Q. Zhou, T. Immel, K. Kumar, G. Ramkumar, On the signature of the quasi-three-day Kelvin wave 1 in the equatorial thermosphere during the January 2010 URSI World Day Campaign. J. Geophys. Res., DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017558, 2012.
  • Gong, Y., Q. Zhou*, S. Zhang, N. Aponte, M. Sulzer, S. Gonzalez, Midnight ionosphere collapse at Arecibo and its relationship to the neutral wind, electric field, and ambipolar diffusion, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08332, DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017530, 2012.
  • Huang, C., S. Zhang, Q. Zhou, F. Yi, and K. Huang, Atmospheric waves and their interactions in thermospheric neutral wind as observed by the Arecibo ISR, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A06304, DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017558, 2012.
  • Liu, X., Q. Zhou, W. Yuan, J. Xu, The influences of non-isothermal atmospheric backgrounds on the variations of gravity wave parameters, Science China, doi:10.1007/s11431-012-4796-7, 2012.
  • Gong, Y., and Q. Zhou (2011) Incoherent scatter radar study of the terdiurnal tide in the E- and F- region heights at Arecibo, 38, L15101, doi:10.1029/2011GL048318.
  • Zhou, Q. H., Y. T. Morton, C. M. Huang, N. Aponte, M. Sulzer, and S. Gonzalez (2011), Incoherent scatter radar observation of E‐region vertical electric field at Arecibo, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L01101, doi:10.1029/2010GL045549.
  • Brenneman, M., Y. T. Morton, Q. Zhou, GPS Multipath detection with ANOVA using multi-channel software receivers, IEEE Transactions on Electronic and Aerospace Systems, 46, pp.1171-1184, 2010.
  • Zhang, S. D., Y., Fan, C. M. Huang, Q. Zhou, Latitudinal and seasonal variations of lower atmospheric inertial gravity wave energy revealed by U.S. radiosonde data, Ann. Geophys., 28, 1065-1074, 2010.
  • Christakis, N., Haldoupis, Q. Zhou, and C. Meek, Seasonal Variability and descent of mid-latitude sporadic E layers at Arecibo, Ann. Geophys., 27, 923-931, 2009.
  • Morton, Y., F. van Graas, Q. Zhou, and J. Herdtner, “Assessment of the higher order ionosphere error on position solutions,” Navigation, Vol.56, No.3, p185-193, 2009.
  • Morton, Y. T., Q. Zhou, and F. Van Graas, Assessment of Second Order Ionosphere Error in GPS Range Measurements Using Arecibo Incoherent Scatter Radar Measurements, Radio Science, 44, RS1002, doi:10.1029/2008RS003888, 2009.
  • Zhou, Q., S. Raizada, C. Tepley, J. Plane, Seasonal and diurnal variation of electron and iron densities at the meteor heights above Arecibo, J. Atmo. Solar-Terr. Phys., 70, 49-60, 2008.
  • Larsen, M. F., D. L. Hysell, Q. H. Zhou, S. M. Smith, J. Friedman, and R. L. Bishop (2007), Imaging coherent scatter radar,incoherent scatter radar, and optical observations of quasiperiodic structures associated with sporadic E layers, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06321, doi:10.1029/2006JA012051.
  • Morton, Y. T., M. Miller, J. B. Tsui, D. M. Lin, and Q. Zhou, "GPS Civil Signal Self-Interference Mitigation During Weak Signal Acquisition," IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, 55 (12): 5859-5863, 2007.
  • Zhou, Q., Y. T. Morton, Gravity wave propagation in a non-isothermal atmosphere with height varying background wind, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L23803, doi:10.1029/2007GL031061, 2007.
  • Namgaladze, A., Y. Zubova, A., Namgaladze, A., O. Martynenko, E. Doronina, L. Goncharenko, A. Van Kyken, V. Howells., J. Thayer, V. Taran, B. Shpynev., Q. Zhou, Modelling of the ionosphere/thermosphere behaviour during the April 2002 magnetic storms: A comparison of the UAM results with the ISR and NRLMSIS-00 data, Adv. In Space Sci., 37, 380-391, 2006.
  • Zhou, Q., Y. T. Morton, A case study of mesospheric gravity wave momentum flux and dynamical instability using the Arecibo dual beam incoherent scatter radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L10802, doi:10.1029/2005GL025608, 2006.
  • Morton, Y. T., M. P. French, Q. Zhou, J. B. Y. Tsui, D. M. Lin, M. M. Miller, D. Jennings, “A Software Approach to Access Ultra-Wide Band Interference on GPS Receivers,” Invited paper, IEEE Aerospace & Electronics Systems Magazine, V.20, No.1, P28-33, January 2005.
  • Zhou, Q. H., and Y. T. Morton, Incoherent scatter radar study of photochemistry in the E-region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L01103, doi:10.1029/2004GL021275, 2005.
  • Zhou, Q. H., J. Friedman, S. Raizada, C. Tepley, and Y. T. Morton, Morphology of nighttime ion, potassium and sodium layers in the meteor zone above Arecibo, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 67, 1245-1257, 2005.
  • Goncharenko L., J. E. Salah, A. Van Eyken, V. Howells, J. P. Thayer, V. I. Taran, B. Shpynev, Q. Zhou, J. Chau, Observations of the April 2002 Geomagnetic Storm by the Global Network of Incoherent Scatter Radars, Annal. Geophys., v. 23, 163-181, 2005.
  • Martin, J., Y. T. Morton, and Q. H. Zhou, Neural network development for the forecasting of upper atmosphere parameters distributions, 36 (12)2480-2485, Sp. Iss. 2005.
  • Hysell, D., M. Larsen, and Q. Zhou, Common volume coherent and incoherent scatter radar observations of midlatitude sporadic E layer echoes and QP echoes, Annales Geophysicae, 22, 3277-3290, 2004.
  • Urbina, J., E. Kudeki, S. Franke, Q. Zhou, Analysis of a mid-latitude E-region LQP event observed during the Coqui 2 campaign, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L14805, 2004, doi:10.1029/2004GL020031.
  • Raizada, S., C. A. Tepley, D. Janches, J. S. Friedman, Q. H. Zhou and J. D. Mathews, Lidar observations of Ca and K metallic layers from Arecibo and comparison with micrometeor sporadic activity, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 66, 595-606, 2004.
  • Zhang, S. P., J. P. Theayer, R. G. Roble, J. E. Salah, G. G. Shepherd, L . P. Goncharenko, Q. H. Zhou, Latitudinal variation of neutral wind structure in the lower thermosphere for the March equinox condition, J. Atmo. Solar Terr. Phys., 66, 105-117, 2004.
  • Zhou, Q. H., Y. T. Morton, J. D. Mathews, D. Janches, Aspect Sensitivity of VHF echoes from field-aligned irregularities in meteor trails and thin ionization layer, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 4, 685-692, 2004.
  • Friedman, J., C. A. Tepley, S. Raizada, Q. H. Zhou, J. Hedin, and R. Delgado, Potassium Doppler-resonance lidar for the study of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere at the Arecibo Observatory, J. Atom. Solar-Terr. Phys., 65 (16-18): 1411-1424 NOV-DEC , 2003.
  • Janches, D., M. C. Nolan, D. D. Meisel, J. D. Mathews, Q. H. Zhou, and D. E. Moser, On the geocentric micrometeor velocity distribution, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 108, No. A6 10.1029/2002JA009789, 2003.
  • Tepley, C.A., Raizada, S., Zhou, Q.H., and Friedman, J., Observations of Ca + , K, AND Electron Density Using Lidar and Incoherent Scatter Radar at Arecibo, Geophys.Res. Lett. 30, 1009, 2003.
  • Collins, S. C., J. M. C. Plane, M. C. Kelley, T. G. Wright, P. Soldan, R. J. Rollason, T. J. Kane, A. J. Gerrard, B. W. Grime, J. S. Friedman, S. A. Gonzalez, Q. H. Zhou, M. P. Sulzer, and C. A. Tepley, A study of the role of ion-molecule chemistry in the formation of sporadic sodium layers, J. Atoms. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 845-860, 2002.
  • Zhou, Q. H., Incoherent scatter spectral width and its applications, Radio Sci., 37, 19-1, 2002.
  • Friedman, J. S., S. A. González, C. A. Tepley, Q. H. Zhou, M. P. Sulzer, S. C. Collins, and B. W. Grime, Simultaneous Atomic and Ion Layer Enhancements Observed in the Mesopause Region over Arecibo during the Coqui II Sounding Rocket Campaign, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 449, 2000.
  • Isham, B., C. A. Tepley, M. P. Sulzer, Q. H. Zhou, and M. C. Kelley, J. Friedman, and S. Gonzalez, Ionospheric observations at the Arecibo Observatory: Examples obtained using new capabilities, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 18,609, 2000.
  • Janches, D., J. D. Mathews, D. D. Meisel, V. S. Getman, and Q. H. Zhou, Doppler studies of near-antapex UHF radar meteors, ICARUS,143, 347-353, 2000a.
  • Janches, D., J. D. Mathews, D. D. Meisel, and Q. H. Zhou, Micrometeor Observation using the Arecibo 430 MHz Radar: I. Determination of the Ballistic Parameter from measured Doppler Velocity and Deceleration Results, Icarus, 145, 53-63, 2000b.
  • Mathews, J. D., D. W. Machuga, and Q. H. Zhou, Evidence for electrodynamic linkages between spread-F, ion rain, the intermediate layer and sporadic E: Results from recent observations and simulations, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63, 1529, 2001a.
  • Mathews, J. D., D. Janches, D. D. Meisel, Q. H. Zhou, The micrometeoroid mass flux into the upper atmosphere: Arecibo results and a comparison with prior estimates, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1929, 2001b.
  • Mathews, J. D., S. Gonzalez, M. P. Sulzer, and Q. H. Zhou, J. Urbina, E. Kudeki, and S. Franke, Kilometer-scale layered structures inside spread-F, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 4167, 2001c.
  • Melendez-Alvira, D., J., J. M. Picone, O. A. Kelley, Q. H. Zhou and M. P. Sulzer, Histograms of Arecibo World Days Measurements and "Linear-H" Fits Between 1985 and 1995, Radio Sci., 36, 311, 2001.
  • Pi, X., M. Mendillo, J. Hughes, M. Buonsanto, D. Sipler, J. Kelly, Q. H. Zhou, G. Lu, and T. Hughes, Dynamical effects of geomagnetic storms and substorms in the middle-latitude ionosphere: an observational campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 105A, 7403-7417, 2000.
  • Urbina, J., Kudeki, E., Franke, S.J., González, S., Q. H. Zhou, and Collins, S.C., 50 MHz Radar Observations of Mid-Latitude E-Region Irregularities at Camp Santiago, Puerto Rico, Geophys. Res. Lett, 27, 2853, 2000.
  • Zhou, Q. H., Incoherent scatter radar measurements of vertical winds in the mesosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1803-1806, 2000.
  • Zhou, Q. H., H, Monroy, D. C. Fritts, H. M. Ierkic, B. Isham, J. R. Isler, and S. E. Palo, Radar observations of longitudinal variability of tidal/planetary waves and mean winds in the tropical mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 2151, 2000.
  • Zhou, Q. H., and J. D. Mathews, Comments on "Modelling the peak of the ionospheric E-layer" by J.E. Titheridge, J. Atoms. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63, 627, 2001.
  • Zhou, Q. H, J. D. Mathews and, T. Nakamura, Implications of meteor observations by the MU radar, Geophys. Res. Let., 1399-1402, 2001.
  • Zhou, Q. H., J. D. Mathews, Q. N. Zhou, Incoherent scatter radar study of impact of meteoric influx on the nocturnal E-region ionization, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1833-1836,1999a.
  • Zhou, Q. H., Q. N. Zhou and J. D. Mathews, Arithmetic average, geometric average and ranking - Application to incoherent scatter radar data processing, Radio Sci., 34, 1227-1237,1999b.
  • Earle, G. D. R. L. Bishop, Q. H. Zhou and S. P. Wallace, Comparisons between intermediate layer measurements and wind model predictions, J. Atmo. solar-Terr. Phys, 60, 1313-1330, 1998.
  • Gelinas, L. J., K. A. Lynch, M. C. Kelley, S. Collins, S. Baker, Q. H. Zhou, and J. Friedman, First observation of meteoric charged dust in the tropical mesosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 4047, 1998.
  • Zhou, Q., Two-day oscillation of electron concentration in the lower ionosphere, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 60, 1669-1677, 1998.
  • Zhou, Q., P. Perillat, J. Y. N. Cho, and J. D. Mathews, Simultaneous meteor echo observations by large aperture VHF and UHF radars, Radio Sci., 33, 1641, 1998.
  • Deng, W., J. E. Salah, R. R. Clark, S. J. Franke, D. C. Fritts, P. Hoffmann, D. Kuerschner, A. H. Manson, C. E. Meek, D. Murphy, T. Nakamura, S. E. Palo, D. M. Riggin, R. G. Roble, R. Schminder, W. Singer, T. Tsuda, R. E. Vincent, and Q. Zhou, Coordinated global radar observations of tidal and planetary waves in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during 20-30 January 1993, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7307-7318, 1997.
  • Fesen, C. G., B. A. Emery, M. J. Buonsanto, Q. Zhou and M. P. Sulzer, Simulations of the F-region during the January 1993 10 day campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7249-7265, 1997.
  • Hickey, M. P., R. L. Richard, M. J. Taylor, W. Ward, G. Schubert, Q. Zhou, F. Garcia, M. C. Kelley, G. G. Sheperd, Numerical simulations of gravity waves imaged over Arecibo during the 10-day January 1993 campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 11,475-11,489, 1997.
  • Mathews, J. D., D. D. Meisel, K. P. Hunter, V. S. Getman, and Q. Zhou, Very high resolution studies of micrometeors using the Arecibo 430 MHz radar, ICARUS, 126, 157, 1997.
  • Palo, S. E., M. E. Hagan, C. E. Meek, R. A. Vincent, M. D. Burrage, C. McLandress, S. J. Franke, W. Ward, R. R. Clark, P. Hoffman, R. Johnson, D. Kuerschner, A. H. Manson, D. Murphy, T. Nakamura, Y. I. Portnyagin, J. E. Salah, R. Schminder, W. Singer, T. Tsuda, T. S. Virdi, and Q. Zhou An intercomparison between the GSWM, UARS and ground based radar observations: A case study in January 1993., Ann. Geophys., 1123-1141, 1997.
  • Scali, J. L., B. W. Reinisch, M. C. Kelley, C. A. Miller, W. E. Swartz, Q. Zhou, and S. Radicella, Incoherent scatter radar and digisonde observations at tropical latitudes, including conjugate point studies, submitted to J. Geophys. Res., 102A, 7357-7367, 1997a.
  • Scali, J. L., B. W. Reinisch, P. G. Richards, Q. Zhou, M. P. Sulzer and, W. E. Swartz, Comparison of Incoherent Scatter Radar and Digisonde Measurements with FLIP Modeled Results at Middle and Low Latitudes, J. Geophys. Res. 102A, 7345-7355, 1997b.
  • Zhou, Q., and M. C. Kelley, Meteor observation by the Arecibo 430 MHz ISR II. results from time-resolved observations, J. Atmo. Solar-Terr. Phys., 59, 739-752,1997.
  • Zhou, Q., and M. P. Sulzer, Incoherent scatter radar observation of the F-region ionosphere at Arecibo during January 1993, J. Atmo. and Solar-Terr. Phys., 59, 2213-2229, 1997.
  • Zhou, Q., M. P. Sulzer, and C. A. Tepley, An analysis of tidal and planetary waves in the neutral winds and temperature observed at the E-region, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 11,491-11,505, 1997a.
  • Zhou, Q., M. P. Sulzer, C. A. Tepley, C. G. Fesen, R. G. Roble and M. C. Kelley, Neutral winds and temperature at the lower thermosphere and mesosphere during January 1993 - Observations and comparison with TIME-GCM, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 11,507-11,519, 1997b.
  • Kane, T. J., C. S. Gardner, Q. Zhou, J. D. Mathews and C. A. Tepley, Lidar, radar, and airglow observations of a large sporadic Na/Sporadic E layer event at Arecibo during AIDA-89, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys. vol. 55, 499-511, 1993.
  • Mathews, J. D., Y. T. Morton, and Q. Zhou, Observations of ion layer motions during AIDA campaign, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys., 55, 447-457. 1993a.
  • Mathews, J. D., Q. Zhou, C. R. Philbrick, Y. T. Morton and C. S. Gardner, Observations of ion and sodium coupled processes during AIDA, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys., 55, 487-498, 1993b.
  • Morton, Y. T., J. D. Mathews, and Q. Zhou, Further evidence for a six-hour tide above Arecibo, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys., vol. 55, p. 459, 1993.
  • Zhou, Q., J. D. Mathews, and C. A. Tepley, A proposed temperature dependent mechanism for the formation of sporadic sodium layers, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys. vol. 55, p. 513, 1993.
  • Zhou, Q., and J. D. Mathews, An ISR interference detection and correction technique based on the spectral information, Radio Sci., 29, p.1173, 1994.
  • Zhou, Q., A simplified approach to internal gravity wave damping by viscous dissipation, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys., vol. 57, p. 1009, 1995.
  • Zhou, Q., and J. D. Mathews, Generation of sporadic sodium layers via turbulent heating of the atmosphere? J. Atmo. Terr. Phys., vol. 57, p. 1309, 1995
  • Zhou, Q., C. A. Tepley, and M. P. Sulzer, Meteor observation by the Arecibo 430 MHz ISR I. results from time-integrated observations, J. Atmo. Terr. Phys., vol. 57, p. 421-431, 1995.
B. Applied optics
  • Yu, F. T. S., and Q. Zhou, A multichannel optical correlator, Optics Comm., Vol. 64, No. 2, p. 111, 1987.
  • Yu, F. T. S., Q. Zhou, and C. Zhang, An electronically addressed optical correlator using LCTV, Applied Optics, Vol. 27, 1988.
  • Zhou, Q., A high capacity scanning correlation system and the analysis of correlation plane displacement, Applied Optics, vol. 26, No. 24, p.5350 1987.
  • Zhou, Q., and X. Lu, Diffraction by 3-D oriented grating and its use in scanning correlation detection, Applied Optics, vol. 26, No. 24, p. 4803, 1987.
C. Electromagnetic theory, artificial intelligence, and economics
  • Zhou, Q., A distributive model for playing game link-5 and its computer implementation, IEEE Tran. Man, System and Cybernetics, 23, p. 897, 1993.
  • Zhou, Q., Proof of Biot-Savart's law for discontinuous currents, Eur. J. of Phys., Vol. 8, p. 128, 1987.
  • Zhou, Q., A scheme to determine tax rates fairly and quantitatively, American J. Economics and Sociology, 66, 937-957, 2007.

Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  • Zhou, Q., A Two-Frequency Subtraction Method to Improve Spectral Peak Identifications, 2018-ICSIP proceedings, Shenzhen, 2018.
  • Gong, Y., Q. Zhou, S. Zhang,Numerical and Observational Study of Ion Layer Formation at Arecibo,URSIGASS proceedings, Beijing, 2014.
  • Chen, T. J., L. L. Wu, J. Liang, and Q. H. Zhou, Ionospheric composition analysis based on particle swarm optimization, International Conference on Intelligent Computing, July 2013, Nanning, China.
  • Wang, J., Y. Morton, Q. Zhou, W. Pelgrum, “Quantitative spectrum analysis of high latitude and equatorial ionosphere scintillation,” Proc. ION GNSS+, Nashville, TN., Sept. 2013.
  • Wang, J., Yu Morton, Steve Taylor, Qihou Zhou, Wouter Pelgrum, High Latitude and Equatorial Ionosphere Scintillation Spectrum Analysis, Processing of Pacific PNT, 2013
  • Wang, J., Y. Morton, Q. Zhou, W. Pelgrum, F. van Graas, “Time-Frequency Analysis of Ionosphere Scintillations Observed by A GNSS Receiver Array,” Proc. IEEE PLANS, Myrtle Beach, SC, April 2012.
  • Brenneman, M., Y. T. Morton, Q. Zhou, An ANOVA-based GPS multipath detection algorithm using multi-channel software receivers, IEEE/Ion Position, Location And Navigation Symposium, Vol 1-3 1316-1323, 2008.
  • Morton, Y. T., F. van Graas, Q. Zhou, "Assessment of the Second Order Ionosphere Error o n Position Solutions," 2008 ION GNSS, Savanna, GA, Sept. 2008.
  • Morton, Y., Q. Zhou, and F. van Graas, "Analysis of second order ionosphere error using incoherent scatter radar measurements,"Proc. 2008 Int. Ionosphere Effect Sym., Washington DC, May, 2008.
  • Zhou, Q., M. Brenneman, and J. Morton, Analysis of EEG data using an adaptive periodogram technique, Proceedings of the 2008 International Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, 353-357, 2008.
  • Brenneman, M. T., Y. T. Morton, Q. Zhou, and G. Distler*, "GPS Interference Source Angle of Arrival Determination Using Adaptive Periodogram Techniques," To appear in Proceedings of Institute of Navigation National Technical Meeting, January, 2007.
  • Morton, Y. T., Q. Zhou, M. Cosgrove*, A floating vertical TEC ionosphere delay correction algorithm for single frequency GPS receivers. Proceeding of 2007 ION Annual Meeting, in press, 2007.
  • Morton, Y. T., L. L. Liou, D. M. Lin, J. B. Tsui, and Q. Zhou, Broadband interference cancellation using digital beam forming and a software receiver,” Proc. 2005 ION GNSS Conference, 2005, Long Beach, CA, Sept., 2005.
  • Morton, Y. T., M. French, Q. Zhou, J. Tsui, D. Lin, M. Miller, and D. Jennings, A software approach to access ultra-wide Band interference on GPS receivers, Proceeding of IEEE PLAN Symposium, 551-557, 2004.
  • Morton, Y. T., L. Liou, D. Lin, J. Tsui,and Q. Zhou, Interference cancellation using power minimization and self-coherence properties of GPS signals, Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2004 , pp. 132-143.
  • Morton, Y. T. J., Tsui, J. B. Y., Lin, D. M., Miller, M. M., Schamus, J., Zhou, Q., and French, M. P., “Assessment and handling of CA code self-interference during weak GPS signal acquisition”, Proceedings of the 2003 Institute of Navigation Conference, Portland, OR, Sept. 2003.
  • Morton, Y. T., Q. Zhou, M. P. French, J. B.Y. Tsui, D. M. Lin, M. M. Miller, “A Software Approach to Access Ultra-Wide Band Interference on GPS Receivers”, Proc. of the 2004 IEEE PLANS Conference, P551-557, Monterey, CA, April, 2004.
  • Mantz, C., Q. Zhou, and Y. T. Morton, “Application of a neutral network model to the GPS ionosphere error correction,” Proc. of the 2004 IEEE PLANS Conf., P538-542, Monterey, CA, 2004.
  • Martin, J. D.; Morton, Y. T.; Zhou, Q., "Neural network development for the forecasting of upper atmosphere parameters distributions", Proceedings of the 2002 COSPAR Conference, Houston, TX, Oct., 2002
  • Mathews, J. D., D. D. Meisel, D. Janches, V. S. Getman, and Q. H. Zhou, Possible origins of low inclination antapex micrometeors observed using the Arecibo UHF radar, Meteoroids 1998, Proc. Astron. Inst., Slovak. Acad. Sci, Bratislava, 79-82, 1998a.
  • Mathews, J. D., D. D. Meisel, D. Janches, V. S. Getman, and Q. H. Zhou, Direct Doppler and scattering mechanism studies of meteor head-echoes using the Arecibo 50/430 MHz radars, Meteoroids 1998, Proc. Astron. Inst., Slovak. Acad. Sci, Brataslava, 75-78, 1998b
  • Q. Zhou, Unusual UHF meteor echo characteristics observed at Arecibo, 7th MST radar workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, 1995.
  • J. D. Mathews, T. J. Kane, C. S. Gardner and Q. Zhou, Ion and sodium sporadic layer results from the 1989 AIDA campaign, Proceedings of the 1992 STEP symposium/ 5th COSPAR Colloquia Series, 5, 363-368, 1994.
  • Yu, F. T. S., M. F. Cao, and Q. Zhou, Automatic real-time optical pattern recognition system, SPIE proceeding, vol. 638, p.16, 1986.