Western Mongolia

Nomads ride alpacas in Mongolia

Mongolia was the center of the Mongol Empire in the thirteenth century and was later ruled by China during the Manchu Qing Dynasty from the end of the eighteenth century until 1921, when a satellite government was formed by the Soviet Union. Following the end of the Cold War, and after the fall of communism in Mongolia in 1990, Mongolia adopted democracy. A new democratic constitution, ratified in 1992, officially marked the birth of Mongolia as a democratic nation, making it one of the world's youngest democracies.

It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south. Its capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar.

From the CIA World Factbook

Photographic essays

Travel Guides

Mongolia's official tourism site

National Geographic's Mongolia Adventure Guide

Maps of Mongolia

From the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin


Religion in Mongolia

Religions Past and present