Sensor buoys on Lake Taupo, New Zealand, gather high-frequency data for long-term, large-scale lake studies.
Sensor buoys on Lake Taupo, New Zealand, gather high-frequency data for long-term, large-scale lake studies. Photo: Courtesy Kevin Rose

World’s lakes losing oxygen rapidly as planet warms: Miami researchers part of large-scale study

Changes threaten biodiversity and drinking water quality

ostego lake sensors

Sensors collect data in Ostego Lake, New York (image by Kevin Rose).

By Reeve Hamilton, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Susan Meikle, university news and communications and Kevin Rose (Miami PhD '11), RPI

Oxygen levels in the world’s temperate freshwater lakes are declining rapidly – faster than in the oceans— a trend driven largely by climate change that threatens freshwater biodiversity and drinking water quality.

In a study reported in Nature this week, “Widespread deoxygenation of temperate lakes,” long-term declines in temperate lake oxygen levels are calculated for nearly 400 lakes within an 80-year period.

The study involved dozens of collaborators, including Craig Williamson, Ohio Eminent Scholar of Ecosystem Ecology and Miami University professor of biology, and alumni from his Global Change Limnology Laboratory.

The oxygen declines may be linked to warming temperatures and decreasing water clarity and could threaten essential lake ecosystems, said the researchers. “All complex life depends on oxygen. It’s the support system for aquatic food webs. And when you start losing oxygen, you have the potential to lose species,” said Kevin Rose (Miami Ph.D. ’11), author and the Frederic R. Kolleck ’52 Career Development Chair in Freshwater Ecology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. 

While oxygen loss in oceans has been documented, the changes in dissolved oxygen concentrations in lakes are less well understood, in part owing to a lack of long-term and large-scale studies, according to Nature Environment News.

Lakes are losing oxygen at 2.75 to 9.3 times faster than the oceans, a decline that will have impacts throughout the ecosystem, Rose said. Their study found that oxygen levels in surveyed lakes across the temperate zone have declined 5.5 percent at the surface and 18.6 percent in deep waters since 1980.

Human activity and warming temperatures are expected to continue to drive future losses in lake dissolved oxygen, the study authors said. Ongoing rigorous efforts to manage lake systems will be needed to counter these effects, said lead author Stephen Jane, who completed his doctorate with Rose this spring.

Global Change Limnology Laboratory: Spreading waves

5 graduate students on a dock in a lake

Williamson's Global Change Limnology Lab alumni at Lake Lacawac, one of the lakes in the study, Left to right: Jennie Bentrup (PhD '17), Kevin Rose (PhD '11), current doctoral students Nicole Berry (M.S.'18), and Lauren Adkins Knose, and Rachel Pilla (M.S. '15, PhD '21). Image by Craig Williamson.

Craig Williamson has built one of the world’s largest research databases on water transparency in lakes. His long-term and in-depth research on lake water transparency has been recognized with an Opportunities for Promoting Understanding Through Synthesis (OPUS): Core Research Synthesis grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). He is one of only seven scientists nationwide to receive an NSF OPUS award for research starting in 2020. 

  • Study author Kevin Rose completed his doctorate with Williamson in 2011. Since then, he has collaborated on multiple projects with Williamson, including a recent NSF grant for Long-Term Research in Environmental Biology. Rose's own doctoral students are joining the collaborations, extending the research even further. 
  • Study co-author Rachel Pilla (Miami M.S. '15, PhD '21) recently completed her doctorate with Williamson, and began a new position at Oak Ridge National Labs this week. Her research focused on a variety of lake responses to climate and environmental change using long-term data analyses, high-frequency sensor data and modeling efforts. Read more about her in a research spotlight
  • Study co-author Lesley Knoll (Miami '01, PhD '11), station biologist at Itasca Biological Station and Laboratories, University of Minnesota, completed her doctorate with Mike Vanni, professor of biology at Miami. 

They are among more than 40 co-authors of the study “Widespread deoxygenation of temperate lakes.”